Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim is a collection of hadīthcompiled by Imām Muslim ibn al-Hajjāj al-Naysāburi(rahimahullāh).His collection is considered to be one of the most authenticcollections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (), and along with Ṣaḥīḥal-Bukhārī forms the “Sahihain,” or the “Two Sahihs.” It containsroughly 7500 hadīth (with repetitions) in 57 books.
Imām Muslim’s full name is Abu al-Husayn Muslim ibn al-Hajjāj ibnMuslim ibn Warat al-Qushayri al- Naysaburi (206-261 AH/821-875 AD).Imām “Muslim,” as his nasba shows, belonged to the Qushayr tribe ofthe Arabs, an offshoot of the great clan of Rabi’a.
He was born in Naysabur (Nishapur) in 206/821. His parents wererighteous people who left such an indelible impression on his mindthat he spent his life as a God-fearing person and always adheredto the path of righteousness. Imām Muslim travelled widely tocollect hadith in Arabia, Egypt, Syria and Iraq, where he attendedthe lectures of some of the prominent Muhadith of his time: Isḥāqb. Rāḥawayh, Aḥmad b. Hanbal, ‘Ubaydullah al-Qawariri, Qutaiba binSa’id, ‘Abdullah ibn Maslama, Harmalah bin Yahya, and others. Aftercompleting his education, he settled down at Nishapur. There hecame into contact with Imām al-Bukhārī. Imām Muslim was impressedwith Imām al-Bukhārī’s knowledge that he kept himself attached tohim up to the end of his life. Another muhaddith that influencedImam Muslim was Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Dhuhali and he attended hislectures regularly, but when the difference of opinion betweenMuhammad b. Yahya and Imam Bukhari on the issue of the creation ofthe Holy Qur’an sharpened into hostility, Imam Muslim sided withImam Bukhari and abandoned Muhammad b. Yahya altogether. He wastherefore a true disciple of Imām al-Bukhārī.
He wrote many books and treatises on Hadith, but the most importantof his works is the collection (Jami’) of his Sahih. He originallynamed his book Musnad as-Ṣaḥīḥ, and mentioned in his book that hewrote authored such a book in response to a question from one ofhis students.
Imām Muslim meticulously collected 300,000 hadith and after athorough examination of them retained only 4000, the genuineness ofwhich were fully established. He prefixed to his compilation a veryilluminating introduction, in which he specified some of theprinciples in which he had followed in the choice of his material.Imam Muslim has to his credit many other valuable contributions todifferent branches of Hadith literature, and most of them retaintheir eminence even to the present day. Amongst these Kitabal-Musnad al-Kabir ‘Ala al-Rijal, Jami’ Kabir, Kitab, al-Asma’wa’l-Kuna, Kitab al-Ilal, Kitab al- Wijdan are veryimportant.
Methods of Classification and Annotation:
Imam Muslim strictly observed many principles of the science ofHadith, which had been slightly ignored by his great teacher ImamBukhari (may Allah have mercy on both of them).
Imam Muslim considered only such traditions to be genuine andauthentic as had been transmitted to him by an unbroken chain ofreliable authorities up to the Prophet () and were in perfectharmony with what had been related by other narrators whosetrustworthiness was unanimously accepted and who were free from alldefects. He divided narrators and sub-narrators into 3levels:
1. Those people who are completely authentic in their memory andcharacter with no deficiency whatsoever. They were known to behonest and trustworthy.
2. People of slightly lesser memory and perfection than theprevious category, yet still trustworthy and knowledgeable, notliars by any measure. Examples of people in this category include`Ata ibn Said and Layth ibn Abi Sulaim.
3. People whose honesty was a subject of dispute or evendiscussion. Imam Muslim did not concern himself with such people.Examples in this category include Abdullah ibn Maswar and Muhammadibn Said al-Maslub.
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Uploaded Januari 06, 2018 04:36